The Parliament House of India is the highest federal legislative body of India. It has two houses called the Lok Sabha (The House of People or Lower House) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States or Upper House).Any bill has to be passed by both the houses before it becomes a law. It was designed by Herbert Baker, who along with Lutyens was responsible for much of the British architecture in Delhi. The Parliament House was then called the Council House and was criticized for being Baker's saddest venture.
Parliament House is located in the northwest of Vijay-Chowk, at the end
of the Parliament Street beside the Secretariats.
Parliament House or Sansad Bhawan is a circular structure supported by
144 pillars with a broad corridor. These identical pillars each measure
around 8.23m high. It has a 27.4m high dome on top inspired by the
stupas. The total area covered by the Parliament is approximately 2.02
hectares and has a 170.69m diameter. The House comprises 3 semicircular
chambers, namely the Chamber of Princes, the Council of State and
In Parliament House
Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the secretariats of both the houses are
housed in Sansad Bhawan. The entire area has high security and is
enclosed by an ornamental red sand stone wall with iron gates. The
Central Hall is located at the centre of the House and is surrounded by
three Chambers and three well laid-out courtyards with lush green lawns
and fountains. Short passages emerging from three central points on the
circumference of the hall connect the Lok Sabha Chamber, the Rajya Sabha
Chamber and the earlier Library Hall.
How and When
Entry to Parliament House is free but one needs to have prior
permission. Visitors needs to give a letter of introduction to the House
to obtain official entry pass whether the parliament is in session or
not. Indian Nationals can acquire their letters from the secretariat and
foreign nationals can obtain the letters from their respective
embassies. The timings for the library are 10 am to 6 pm and an entry
pass is required to enter the library.